Despite Fed rate increases, the US economy adds 236,000 jobs


  • Unemployment rate in usa
  • Last month, the employment rate was more than 500,000
  • Low unemployment rate
  • Limit price increases
  • The central bank's mission is to promote employment possibilities

Notwithstanding the nine interest rate increases the Federal Reserve has imposed over the last year in an effort to control inflation, US companies created a respectable 236,000 jobs in March, demonstrating that the economy is still on strong ground.

Unemployment rate in usa

Unemployment dropped to 3.5%, the highest level in 53 years, but still above January's record low of 3.4%.

But, the Labor Department's report last Friday had some discouraging facts that might signal a reduction in inflationary pressures and prompt the Federal Reserve to halt its rate rises. Hourly earnings increased by 4.2% year over year, much less than the year over year growth of 4.6% seen in February.

From February to March, month-to-month compensation growth increased by 0.3%, a slight increase from January to February's 0.2% increase. Yet, even that number represented a deceleration from the typical salary growth seen in the latter several months of 2022.

Last month, the employment rate was more than 500,000

480,000 people in the U.S. actively sought employment in March, which might be encouraging news for the Fed's inflation warriors. A larger pool of potential candidates reduces the demand on businesses to boost pay. Inflationary pressures usually ease as a consequence.

In its report released on Friday, the government revised its estimate of employment growth for January and February by a total of 17,000.

Economist Sinem Buber of the recruitment service ZipRecruiter has said, "The labour market continues to weaken." The Federal Reserve will have more faith in the inflation forecast if inflationary pressures are mitigated in the coming months, as a result of this.

In February, 72,000 new jobs were created in the leisure and hospitality industry. There was a rise of 50,000 in the hospitality industry, which is part of that sector.

39,000 were added by state and municipal governments, and 34,000 were added by healthcare providers. Nonetheless, the construction industry had a loss in employment of 9,000 positions, the first such drop since January of 2022. U.S. manufacturing has slowed, and firms have cut payrolls for a second month in a row.

Low unemployment rate

The Black unemployment rate dropped to 5% last month, the lowest it has been since official statistics began being kept in 1972. Still, the Black unemployment rate is still higher than the white unemployment rate.

Yet, many businesses are having trouble finding qualified candidates to fill open jobs despite the robust labour market.

On the Outer Banks of North Carolina, Clark Twiddy said the "tightest employment market in anyone's history" is still a problem for his family business.

From $13 to $14 per hour in 2018, Twiddy & Co. has significantly increased the starting wage for seasonal employees to $18 to $20 per hour in 2019.

Twiddy said that his industry's top workers had many options for work and that service businesses like his must treat them with the same level of respect they give their clients.

"There's no algorithm that cleans up a bathroom or a kitchen," he said. We're going to have to fork up a little extra money. More preparation is required. "We need to take a more active role."

Twiddy has provided a number of benefits for his 175 full-time workers, including the option to work from home and outings to Nashville and Las Vegas.

Because to Americans' pent-up yearning to travel, his firm is still thriving. Despite the increase in expenses, he said, "I'm earning more money at what I'm doing than I ever have.

As there has been a scarcity of workers for almost two years, some businesses have had to resort to using automation to increase productivity. The biggest private business in the United States, Walmart, has begun a massive push towards automation.

By the end of the 2026 fiscal year, the bulk of the business's goods processed via its warehouses will have gone through automated facilities, and the company estimates that automation will service nearly two-thirds of its shops. Automated forklifts will replace human labour in the unloading of items from truck trailers. According to Walmart, such a shift would need less physically demanding but perhaps better paid employment.

Recent economic indicators, notwithstanding the robust employment growth seen last month, point to a possible economic slowdown, which would alleviate inflationary pressures. Industrial activity is declining. Decreases in US exports and imports are a worrying trend. In addition, the expansion of the restaurant industry, retail, and other service sectors is slowing down.

Limit price increases

Inflation control is the top priority for the Federal Reserve. As a result of the unexpectedly quick recovery of the economy from the pandemic crisis, supply constraints emerged in the spring of 2021, and they were reluctant to react to the resulting spike in consumer prices.

The Federal Reserve didn't start hiking its target rate from near zero until March of 2022. Nonetheless, it has increased interest rates more quickly in the last year than at any time since the 1980s in an effort to combat the worst inflationary period since then.

The rate of inflation has been falling in tandem with the increase in borrowing prices. Compared to its peak in June of last year, when it hit 9.1%, the current annual consumer inflation rate of 6% is far lower. Yet, this is still far over the 2% goal set by the Federal Reserve.

The Labor Department said on Thursday that it has modified the formula it uses to determine the number of Individuals applying for unemployment benefits. The change may account for the fact that massive layoffs in the IT sector this year have not shown up on the unemployment rolls, as it added roughly 100,000 claims to its data for the last two weeks.

Last week, the Department of Labor also revealed that there were 9.9 million job opportunities listed by firms in February, the fewest since May 2021 but still significantly greater than anything before 2021.

The central bank's mission is to promote employment possibilities

It is the Fed's goal that fewer job openings would be posted instead of layoffs for companies to reduce wage pressures.

After March's data, the Fed won't see another employment report until the next meeting on May 2-3. Next Monday, though, the Labor Department will provide figures on prices at the consumer and wholesale levels, giving policymakers a more complete picture of inflationary pressures.


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